In some texts feminism is treated as a major paradigm e. According to structural functionalists, gender serves to maintain social order by providing and ensuring the stability of such functional prerequisites.
The Convention defines discrimination against women as follows: Any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field.
In retrospect, the intersecting circles seem too fixed and closed; spirals may provide.
Numbers of courses, programs and the legitimacy of this new field grew dramatically, especially in the early s in Canada Brodribb, ; Eichler, The Nova Scotia government still had lower minimum wage scales for women, and women were forbidden in taverns, private clubs and unwelcome at ceremonial occasions such as New Year's levees.
The addition of women to sociological theory is necessary but not sufficient to overcome deeply embedded problems of patriarchy and colonialism. It was— and continues to be— important to recognize that white women faced a different form of discrimination than working class women of color, who not only had to deal with sexism, but also fought against racism and class oppression.