Write a short note on green revolution in india
Essay on second green revolution in india
In many cases inequalities between regions and classes that adopted Green Revolution technologies worsened, but in a number of other cases they did not. This can be seen from Table 7. Now he has started believing in Karma than fate. Therefore, several authors have challenged the apparent superiority of HYVs not only compared to the traditional varieties alone, but by contrasting the monocultural system associated with HYVs with the polycultural system associated with traditional ones. Also, it has given rise to many negative environmental issues that have yet to be addressed adequately. The villages or regions without the access of sufficient water were left out that widened the regional disparities between adopters and non-adopters. Use of Insecticides After the Green revolution, there has been sufficient increase in the use of insecticides. But on the other hand, we saw a rise in rural employment. These are as follows: Firstly, India being a vast agricultural country the adoption of intensive approach is the only way to make a breakthrough in the agricultural sector within the shortest possible time. Agronomists bred cultivars of maize, wheat, and rice that are generally referred to as HYVs or " high-yielding varieties ". Subject Matter of Green Revolution 2.
Weaknesses of Green Revolution: Following are some of basic weaknesses of new agricultural strategy: a Adoption of new agricultural strategy through IADP and HYVP led to the growth of capitalist farming in Indian agriculture as the adoption of these programmes were very much restricted among the big farmers, necessitating a heavy amount of investment.
Accordingly, indistricts out of were selected for intensive cultivation and the programme was renamed as Intensive Agricultural Areas Programme IAAP. Punjab was selected by the Indian government to be the first site to try the new crops because of its reliable water supply and a history of agricultural success.
Phases of green revolution in india
All these improvements resulted from the adoption of new agricultural strategy in the production of wheat and rice. Photosynthetic investment in the stem is reduced dramatically as the shorter plants are inherently more stable mechanically. Again the production of wheat has also increased significantly from 11 million tonnes in to 36 million tonnes in and then to These problems were aggravated due to absence of training to use modern technology and vast illiteracy leading to excessive use of chemicals. It was a remarkable increase. Essay Social Consequences of Green Revolution: The effect of the application of the new technology was that there was increase in production of food grains from to King Hubbert 's prediction of world petroleum production rates. These programs successfully led the harvest double in these countries. The most important achievement of new strategy is the substantial increase in the production of major cereals like rice and wheat. It is only in recent years that coverage of green revolution is gradually being extended to other states like West Bengal, Assam, Kerala and other southern states. Since man is potentially a rational being, however, I am confident that within the next two decades he will recognize the self-destructive course he steers along the road of irresponsible population growth
As the production has reached Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India have been severe, frequent, and widespread throughout recorded history and noted as early as years ago. As a result, Brazil has become the world's second biggest soybean exporter.
While the population of the country has crossed 1. Over three-quarters of the population depended on agriculture in some way. Inthe food-grains production was 8 crore tons which increased to about 95 crore tons today.
Green revolution in india pdf
Of the food-grains produced the greatest impact of Green Revolution Is to be seen on the production of wheat. Westley, Usha Nagpal and George Blyn showed that the inequalities have narrowed down as small farmers are also benefitted considerably from green revolution. As the production has reached Norman Borlaug of Mexico developed new high yielding varieties of wheat and accordingly various countries started to apply this new variety with much promise. Yield per unit of farmland improved by more than 30 per cent between and when the Green Revolution was considered to have delivered its goods. Criticisms[ edit ] Indian Economic Sovereignty[ edit ] Criticism of the effects of the green revolution include the cost for many small farmers using HYV seeds, with their associated demands of increased irrigation systems and pesticides. Further, heavy dependence on few major crops has led to loss of biodiversity of farmers. Agriculture in Mexico had been a sociopolitical issue, a key factor in some regions' participation in the Mexican Revolution. Photosynthetic investment in the stem is reduced dramatically as the shorter plants are inherently more stable mechanically. But the backward linkage of agriculture to industry, i.
But the harmful social effect of the Green Revolution was also soon visible. Related posts:.
Most of the HYV seeds are related to wheat crop and major portion of chemical fertilizer are also used in wheat cultivation. Citing internal Foundation documents, Dowie states that the Ford Foundation had a greater concern than Rockefeller in this area.
Green revolution upsc
Punjab was selected by the Indian government to be the first site to try the new crops because of its reliable water supply and a history of agricultural success. The indirect benefits to the poor due to another technological breakthrough in agriculture are likely to be weaker in the future as globalization and trade in agricultural commodities makes food prices less responsive to local production. Photosynthetic investment in the stem is reduced dramatically as the shorter plants are inherently more stable mechanically. Again the production of wheat has also increased significantly from 11 million tonnes in to 36 million tonnes in and then to As a result, Brazil has become the world's second biggest soybean exporter. Ehrlich , in his book The Population Bomb , said that "India couldn't possibly feed two hundred million more people by " and "Hundreds of millions of people will starve to death in spite of any crash programs. The per hectare production in the country has increased. Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India have been severe, frequent, and widespread throughout recorded history and noted as early as years ago. Again the Western States of Gujarat and Maharashtra registered only a marginal increase from 7. Brazil's agricultural revolution[ edit ] Brazil's vast inland cerrado region was regarded as unfit for farming before the s because the soil was too acidic and poor in nutrients, according to Norman Borlaug. Retrieved 9 August Thus G.
Swaminathan, known as the father of Green Revolution, launched the Green Revolution. Fourthly, as the agricultural inputs required for the adoption of new strategy is scarce thus it would be quite beneficial to adopt this strategy in a selective way only on some promising areas so as to reap maximum benefit from intensive cultivation.
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